Southeast Asia 2

Southeast Asia 2 - 1. Population and Settlement o Areas of...

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1. Population and Settlement o Areas of infertile soil and rugged mountains influence settlement o Settlement and Agriculture o Island rainforests generally have poor soils o Volcanic soils tend to be fertile o Relatively dense populations in the regions' river deltas, coastal areas, and zones of fertile volcanic soil o Plantation Agriculture Colonial period: rice, cane sugar, rubber, and other cash crops Commercial crops today: tea and copra o Recent Demographic Change Philippines: high growth rate reflects influence of Roman Catholic Church on family planning Laos has highest TFR because of low level of development Population Contrasts Cambodia has high TFR, possibly linked to high mortality rate Thailand's TFR has dropped dramatically in recent years Indonesia has the largest population of the region (225 million) o Urban Settlement Southeast Asia is about 40% urbanized Many of the regions countries have primate cities (single large urban settlements
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Southeast Asia 2 - 1. Population and Settlement o Areas of...

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