Southeast Asia 3

Southeast Asia 3 - 1. Geopolitical Framework o Before...

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1. Geopolitical Framework o Before European Colonization Most of the Southeast Asian countries existed as independent kingdoms before Europeans arrived o The Colonial Era Portuguese were the first Europeans to arrive (around 1500) in eastern Indonesia o The Vietnam War and its aftermath France determined to maintain control of its Southeast Asian colonies War between communist forces in the north and French in the south Geneva Agreement in 1954 partitioned the country into north and south halves (North Vietnam, South Vietnam) Communist guerrillas in the south, Pathet Lao forces in Laos, and the Khmer Rouge in Cambodia all fought to expel western influences Using the domino theory (fear that if Vietnam fell to communism, the rest of SE Asia would follow), the U.S. sent troops o the region U.S. defeat and withdrawal 1973-1975 Refugees from the region as a result, including many migrating to the U.S.
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Southeast Asia 3 - 1. Geopolitical Framework o Before...

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