Information Processing Theory
Every individuals mind develops in various ways. It allows people to retain information
and use it later when needed.
The memory portion of the brain allows individuals to recall
certain bits of information and use them to aid in daily tasks and activities. Many individuals
know that information is received, stored and used at different times but do not know what it is
called let alone know how it is processed. Information Processing Theory is “a group of
theoretical frameworks that address how human beings receive, think about, mentally modify,
and remember information, and on how such cognitive process change over the course of
development” (McDevitt, Teresa M., Ormrod, Jeanne E., 2004). This theory is made up of five
different components. These components are: sensation, perception, sensory register, working
memory, and long-term memory.
All five components have their specific jobs to do.
is the detection of stimuli in
the environment. This is known to many people as the five senses: sight, sound, taste, smell, and
is interpreting the stimuli. Another way of putting it is the way an individual
interprets information as well as the world in which they live in.
is “ a
mechanism that allows individuals to recall raw sensory information for a short amount of time
(2 or 3 seconds or less)” (McDevitt, Teresa M., Ormrod, Jeanne E., 2004). The sensory register
deals with all information to our brain when it comes to the five senses.
component of memory, allows individuals to vigorously think and process a minute amount of
data. In other words it deals with analyzing new information. However, it is only remembered for
a tremendously short amount of time; as in only a few seconds.
This is known to many
individuals as short-term memory.