law- assignment 16 - TANF and WELFARE REFORM Read the...

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TANF and WELFARE REFORM Read the materials at the links which follow, and also read the material which is copied below. By midnight on Sunday, send me a 1-2 page report which lets me know you read and understood these materials, by addressing the following four questions: Part 1. IF Diane were eligible for TANF, could she get it for the rest of her life? If not, how long could she get it? Your answer should include the primary exceptions to the general rule. Part 2. IF Diane were receiving TANF, what incentive does the TANF program in Illinois give her to work even more? Your answer should include the name and how it works.
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Part 3. What are eight major changes in welfare law that were made in 1996? Your answer should include eight different types of welfare programs. For example, if you gave me five changes in the TANF program, that would be just one of the eight programs you must cover. Your answers can be short as long as they state what you consider to be the major change(s) in each program Part 4 . The 1996 statute is often referred to as the PRWORA. What is the full name of that statute? Here are the links: http://www.dhs.state.il.us/page.aspx? item=27894 http://www.dhs.state.il.us/page.aspx? item=29719
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http://www.dhs.state.il.us/page.aspx? item=30358 http://www.dhs.state.il.us/page.aspx? item=31771 http://www.dhs.state.il.us/page.aspx? item=35186 https://www.dhs.state.il.us/page.aspx? item=32182 http://www.illinoislegaladvocate.org/index.cf m? 41 Overview of the 1996 Welfare Reform Law (from a Brookings Institute Report) There were eight major programs or policy domains addressed in the 1996 law: TANF, Supplemental Security Income (SSI) for children, child support enforcement, welfare for noncitizens, child care, nonmarital births, child nutrition, and food stamps. A
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summary of the major reforms in each program or domain follows: TANF. TANF was the most fundamental of the reforms because it replaced the entire AFDC program. The most important elements of the TANF reforms can be captured in five provisions. First, the individual entitlement to benefits provided by AFDC was repealed. The signal sent by this policy change was that no longer could able-bodied parents qualify for cash assistance simply by being destitute. The right to cash welfare was replaced by a system of mutual responsibilities in which cash benefits are conditioned on attempts to prepare for self support. Second, the funding mechanism of open-ended federal payments for every person added to the welfare rolls by states was replaced by a block grant with a fixed amount of funding for each state for 6 years. Thus, if states help families leave welfare, they retain the funds that had been used to pay the family's welfare benefit. This feature of the block grant was intended to provide states with a financial incentive to help families leave welfare. States were also given far more discretion than under AFDC law, to spend funds for purposes
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This note was uploaded on 05/22/2011 for the course LAW 199 taught by Professor Bell during the Fall '10 term at University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign.

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law- assignment 16 - TANF and WELFARE REFORM Read the...

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