AP Psych ch.8a - Unit 8 Motivation and Emotion 1. From what...

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Unit 8 Motivation and Emotion 1. From what perspectives do psychologists view motivated behavior? Motivation is a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior. Instinct is a complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species and is unlearned. Drive-reduction theory is the idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension state (a drive) that motivates an organism to satisfy the need. Homeostasis is a tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state; the regulation of any aspect of body chemistry, such as blood glucose, around a particular level. Incentives are positive or negative environmental stimuli that motivate behavior. Maslow’s pyramid of human needs, beginning at the base with physiological needs that must first be satisfied before higher-level safety needs and then psychological needs become active. 2. What physiological factors produce hunger? Two distinct hypothalamic centers influence eating. Activity along the sides of the hypothalamus(the lateral hypothalamus) brings on hunger. Orexin is a hunger triggering hormone that the lateral hypothalamus secretes
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AP Psych ch.8a - Unit 8 Motivation and Emotion 1. From what...

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