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Lecture 20 Anxiety and Depression 1 per page

Lecture 20 Anxiety and Depression 1 per page - Anxiety and...

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Anxiety and Depression
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Key Questions What are the major affective disorders? What are the primary treatments for these disorders? Which neurotransmitter systems seem to be involved? Wickens: 404-422, 238-247
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Figure 11.1 Types of depression
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Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) For the last 2 weeks have you had: 1. Depressed mood 2. Loss of interest or pleasure If you answered 'YES' have you experienced: 1. Depressed mood most of the day 2. Less interest or pleasure in all activities 3. Weight loss or gain (when not dieting) 4. Sleeping difficulties 5. Slowed or fastened movements 6. Tiredness or loss of energy 7. Feeling worthless 8. Difficulty concentrating 9. Thoughts of death
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Sphere Questionnaire For more than TWO WEEKS have you: 1. Felt sad, down or miserable most of the time? 2. Lost interest or pleasure in most of your usual activities? If you answered "YES" have you experienced the following: Behaviours 1. Stopped going out 2. Not getting things done at work 3. Withdrawn from close family and friends 4. Relying on alcohol and sedatives 5. Stopped doing things you enjoy 6. Unable to concentrate Thoughts 7. "I’m a failure" 8. "It’s my fault" 9. "Nothing good ever happens to me" 10. "I’m worthless" 11. "Life is not worth living"
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Feelings 12. Overwhelmed 13. Unhappy, depressed 14. Irritable 15. Frustrated 16. No confidence 17. Guilty 18. Indecisive 19. Disappointed 20. Miserable 21. Sad Physical 22. Tired all the time 23. Sick and run down 24. Headaches and muscle pains 25. Churning gut 26. Can’t sleep 27. Poor appetite/weight loss
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Common behaviour associated with mania includes: increased energy irritability overactivity being reckless or taking unnecessary risks increased spending increased sex drive racing thoughts rapid speech decreased sleep grandiose ideas hallucinations and/or delusions. Bipolar Disorder
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Types of Anxiety Disorders Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD) Phobia Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Panic Disorder Anxiety disorders are the most common mental disorders in Australia. Nearly one in 7 people will experience some type of anxiety disorder in any one year. One in four people will experience an anxiety disorder at some stage of their lives.
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Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD) People who have GAD feel anxious on most days for at least six months. Generally, they worry about real issues such as finances, illness or family problems - to the point where it can affect their everyday lives. At times their worry is so great they: * feel edgy/restless * feel tired * have difficulty concentrating * develop muscle tension (sore back, neck or jaw, headache) * find it hard to fall/stay asleep. Generalised Anxiety Disorder affects approximately 5 per cent of people in Australia at some time in their lives.
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Phobia When a person has a phobia, they feel very fearful about particular objects or situations. Common phobias include: * social phobia - fear of social situations such as parties and meetings * agoraphobia - fear of open spaces such as parks and big shopping centres
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