PSYC2011 lecture 5 - 3/7/2011 1 PSYC2011 Brain &...

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Unformatted text preview: 3/7/2011 1 PSYC2011 Brain & Behaviour Evan Livesey evan.livesey@sydney.edu.au Text: Bouton, M. E. (2007). Learning and behavior: A contemporary synthesis. Sinauer: Sunderland. Lectures 5 9: An introduction to instrumental learning Lecture 5: Positive reinforcement and extinction Lecture 6: The role of the discriminative stimulus in behaviour Lecture 7: The motivating role of the reinforcer in behaviour Lecture 8: Fear and punishment Lecture 9: Avoidance learning 3/7/2011 2 Lecture 5 Positive reinforcement and extinction and extinction Bouton p 46 50, 60 63, 233 239 Important concepts in Lecture 5 Reinforcement Contingency and contiguity Shaping Schedules of reinforcement Extinction Instrumental conditioning Also called operant conditioning Response learning Stimulus Response Outcome Distinct from classical (Pavlovian) conditioning Conditioned Stimulus (CS) Unconditioned Stimulus (US) The subjects behaviour determines the presentation of outcomes only in instrumental conditioning Stimulus Response Outcome 3/7/2011 3 Thorndikes Law of effect Of several responses made to the same situation, those which are accompanied or closely followed by satisfaction to the animal will, other things being equal, be more firmly...
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This note was uploaded on 05/23/2011 for the course PSYC 2011 taught by Professor > during the Three '11 term at University of Sydney.

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PSYC2011 lecture 5 - 3/7/2011 1 PSYC2011 Brain &...

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