cross cultural psychology lecture 9(3)

cross cultural psychology lecture 9(3) -...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–8. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Culture, Language and Communication
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Language divided into major components that each person must learn: Studied extensively
Background image of page 2
Some basic facts about language Language is a universal across all human cultures – said to be a key characteristic of being human. All cultures and all human beings develop language Exceptions have to do with isolation, mental handicaps (e.g., deafness, low IQ), maltreatment of young children
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Basic facts While cultures differ in the exact nature of the language spoken, all languages include basic characteristics of human language: Phonemes Morphology syntax Semantics Pragmatics
Background image of page 4
Language differences Some oral only–no written language Some use tones to create word meanings; others do not Particular phonemes used varies from language to language (many are common but some languages have unique phonemes not present in other languages) Morphology, Syntax , Grammar and semantics are present in all languages but exact use of these varies Verb endings, tense use Location of subject, verb, nouns, adjectives Pragmatics–All cultures use language to communicate – but variations in how used; formality
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Chomsky–Humans share a universal language learning system Big debate of the 1950’s 60’s–Chomsky and Skinner–nature or nurture. Chomsky: Brain contains language “acquisition device” that determines the potential for language Skinner: Language just one form of learning; experience is the key A language “organ” like sensory systems. All human’s are born with this device – genetically determined Contains basic mechanisms to enable language use Experience determines what language and how used within a culture: Chomsky called these surface features but underlying language follows same basic rules
Background image of page 6
Evidence for Nature: How languages develop A biological given Parts of human brain devoted to language Left hemisphere for most people specializes in language; if not then right hemisphere devoted to language Several regions of brain are foci for language – Damage to certain areas of brain affect one or more aspects of language–e.g., word names; concepts Stimulate single cells in brain and get response of particular
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 8
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 05/23/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 2250 taught by Professor Rollins,howard during the Fall '10 term at Georgia Tech.

Page1 / 23

cross cultural psychology lecture 9(3) -...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 8. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online