cross cultural psychology lecture 11(3)

cross cultural psychology lecture 11(3) -...

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Personality and Culture
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Personality Definition Relatively enduring behavioral and cognitive characteristics, traits or predispositions that differentiate one person from every other person. That provide each person with a particular approach to dealing with different situations, contexts, and interactions with others. Stable across the life of an individual and consistent across a variety of contexts and interactions
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Theoretical approaches to studying personality What are the underlying psychological dispositions that might explain such person typical behavior? Psychodynamic theories–o ldest Freud, Erickson, Jung, and Adler Personality –defense mechanisms developed in childhood on the basis of a set of conflicts between parents and children Learning Theories Skinner Personality is the sum of all that a person has learned over his/her lifetime Trait Theories – emphasis on individual dispositions that are consistent across time and situations McCrae and Costa, Eysenck, Allport Dominant view now Emphasis on individual dispositions that are consistent across time and situations–e.g., “outgoing”
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Dominant Research Approaches Cultural Anthropology and Psychology Mead, Sapir Personality is culture specific relativist position Formed by unique forces impacting each culture Based, in part, on psychoanalytic theories Primary in first half of 20 th Century Trait Theory
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This note was uploaded on 05/23/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 2250 taught by Professor Rollins,howard during the Fall '10 term at Georgia Institute of Technology.

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cross cultural psychology lecture 11(3) -...

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