Groups - Groups Groups “ a small, face­to­face...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Groups Groups “ a small, face­to­face collection of persons who interact to accomplish a purpose.” Groups Groups “ two or more individuals in face­to­face interaction, each aware of his/her membership in the group, each aware of the others who belong to the group, and each aware of their positive interdependence as they strive to achieve mutual goals.” Common purpose Mutual interaction Belongingness/membership/identification Types of Groups in Social Work Types of Groups in Social Work Support Therapeutic Self­help/ Mutual Aid Task Socialization Educational Skills Problem­solving Group Dimensions Group Dimensions PRODUCT (aka: task, outcome) PROCESS (aka: maintenance dynamics) “Instrumental” “Expressive” working relating Membership Aspects Membership Aspects Levels Leadership Roles Group Membership Levels Group Membership Levels Full Marginal Aspiring Group Leadership Group Leadership Leadership occurs when one group member modifies the motivation or competencies of others in the group. Can be both positive or negative, but generally refers to exerted influence that moves the group toward achieving group goals and purposes Styles of Leadership Styles of Leadership Democratic Autocratic Laissez­faire Trait­based Situational/Contextual Positional / role assignment Group Roles Group Roles Product / Task Roles (associated with the work, goal achievement, or productivity of a group) Process Roles (associated with social dimension; functions to gain/maintain group cohesiveness) “Disruptive” Roles (associated with individual needs at the expense of the group as a whole) Product/Task Roles Product/Task Roles Initiator Information/Opinion Seeker Information/Opinion Giver Clarifier/Elaborator Summarizer Consensus Taker Process/Maintenance Roles Process/Maintenance Roles Supporter­Encourager Gate­Keeper Feelings Expresser Harmonizer/ Peace Maker Standard Setter Follower Individual/”Disruptive” Roles Individual/”Disruptive” Roles Stage Hog: A, B, C ­Drama Queen ­Clown ­Recognition Seeker Dominator/Oppressor/ Aggressor Isolator Cynic Help­Seeker/Empty Well (“Little Miss(Mr) Needy”) Blocker Zealot Confession Booth Discloser Conformity / Deviance Conformity / Deviance Individual members’ behavior that: ­aligns with the group’s expectations ­violates the group’s norms or rules Idiosyncrasy Credit Groupthink Teamthink Idiosyncrasy Credit Idiosyncrasy Credit (Deviance) Sources of Idiosyncrasy Credit Sources of Idiosyncrasy Credit You bring external resources that the group wants/needs Status within the group Competence Generally a conformist (being “not usually that way.”) Members’ trust in your motivation Groupthink Groupthink (Conformity) Illusion of invulnerability­­ the team believes that it's decision making is beyond question, which creates excessive optimism and encourages extreme risk taking. Belief in the inherent morality of the group­­ this inclines members to ignore the moral or ethical consequences of their decisions Collective rationalization­­ these efforts lead to the team discounting warnings that might have otherwise led them to reconsider their assumptions before they recommit to past policy decisions. Out­group stereotypes­­ others are framed as too evil or stupid to warrant consideration of their strategies or attempts to negotiate with them. Self­censorship­­ members feel inclined to avoid deviation from concensus, and minimize the significance of their doubts and counterarguments Illusion of unanimity­­ partly from the silence of self­censorship, members share the belief that they are unanimous in their judgements; silence means concensus. Direct pressure on dissenters­­ challenges or sanctioning comments are made to those who express strong arguments against the team's stereotypes, illusions, or commitments; loyal members do not bring up questions. Self­appointed mindguards­­ these members protect the team from adverse information that might threaten the shared illusions regarding the effectiveness or morality of the team's decisions. Teamthink Teamthink (critical conformity; considered dissent) As with a sports team, different members have different roles and functions; Each brings a unique perspective of seeing “the whole.” ...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 05/23/2011 for the course SOWK 320 taught by Professor Poe during the Spring '11 term at James Madison University.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online