Business test review

Business test review - Supremacy basic principle of...

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Supremacy - basic principle of consitutional law is that the U.S constitution is the supreme law of the land. Theis principle of consitutional supremacy means that all other laws must be in line with constitutional principles. Preemption - is the process by which the courts decide that a federal statute must take precedence over a state statute. Statutory law - laws passed by a legislature are known as statutes. at the federal level, statutes are the laws made by congress and signed by the president. Common law - is the body of previously recorded legal decisions made by the courts in specific cases. the process of relying on these previously recorded legal decisions is call stare decisis ( let the decision stand) Statutory interpretation - is the process by which the courts analyze those aspects of a statute that are unclear or ambiguois or that were not anticipated at the time the legislature passed the statute. Precedent - a model case that a court can follow when facing a similar situation. there are two types of precedent, binding and persuasive. Binding precedent - is precedent that a court must follow. Persuasive precedent - is precedent that a court is free to follow or ignore. whether a precedent is binding or persuasive is determined by the court's location. Administrative law - When agencies create rules, regulate and supervise and render decisions that have the force of law. statutes enacted by congress in specific areas such as communication, aviation. Judicial Review - is the process of determining the constitutionality of various legislative statutes, administrative regulations, or executive actions. Federal Court System - the federal court system is authorized by Article III of the U.S constitution, which states "The judicial power of the U.S. shall be vested in one supreme court, and in such inferior courts as congress may from time to time ordain and establish." Jurisdiction - the authority of a court to hear and decide cases Original Jurisdiction - has the authority to hear a case when it is first brought to court. Appellate jurisdiction
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This note was uploaded on 05/23/2011 for the course BUSINESS 101 taught by Professor Kean during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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Business test review - Supremacy basic principle of...

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