Character_of_David - BibleasLiterature Lectures 20 & 21...

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3/10-3/12, 2010 Bible as Literature
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Administrative  Get your RA 1 after lecture Schedule from now until Spring Break: Today: Portrait of David 1 Sam 16-2 Sam 12 F (3/12): Portrait of David 2 Sam 13- 20, 1 Kgs 1-2 M (3/15): Introduction to Sapiential Literature RA 2 is due W (3/17): Job, part 1
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Part I:  David's Rise to Power
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Stages to Kingship I. David in Saul’s Court (1 Sam 16-20) Enters Court (16-17) Two separate accounts Earns Favor of Nation and Royal Family (18-20) Loyalty of Jonathan Acclaim of People Marriage to Michal II. Years in the Wilderness Flees Saul’s court and takes refuge in wilderness Develops professional army Enters service of the Philistines (27-31) Avoids decisive battle at Mount Gilboa (1 Sam 29 - 2 Sam 1) III. Civil War (2 Sam 1:1-5:5) Becomes king of Judah at Hebron (2 Sam 2) Prevails in civil war with Saul’s heir, Ishbaal Acclaimed king of a unified nation of Israel (2 Sam 5:1-5) IV. Consolidates Authority (2 Sam 5:5-9:13) Establishes new capital in Jerusalem Defeats major enemies: Philistines, Moab Makes arrangements for surviving members of Saul’s family
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Taking Stock: An Overview A textual note: 1 Sam and 2 Sam originally written as a single book. The division between the two books is late and artificial. The agency of God: David depicted as the object of divine favor. But God does not act directly in overt ways. Exceptions: The imposition of an “evil spirit” on Saul The oracular use of the Ephod by David The character of David: Throughout the rise to power, the “public” David is in view. David’s internal understandings and motivations remain obscure. Suited to representing David’s political virtues. What can we say about David’s personal virtues?
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The Golden Boy I. David in Saul’s Court
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Entrance to Court, 1: A Musician for Saul Secret anointing of David, and transfer of “spirit” from Saul to David: The spirit of the Lord came mightily upon David from that day forward. . . Now the spirit of the Lord departed from Saul, and an evil spirit from the Lord tormented him” (1 Sam 16:13-14) Foreshadows David’s acquisition of power. . .but can the reader anticipate how long it will take? Cf. 2 Sam 5:4-5: “David was thirty years old when he began to reign. . .At Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months.” Saul directly recruits David from Jesse. David rises in the service of Saul: “Saul loved him greatly, and he became his armor- bearer” (16:21)
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Entrance to Court, 2: Victory over the Philistine A “doublet:” Provides alternative explanation for David’s entering court (cf. 18:2) Presumes David has not previously met Saul (cf. 17:55-58) Is the Philistine “Goliath?” Name only mentioned 17:4, 23. Elsewhere referred to simply as the “Philistine.” Victory over Goliath attributed to David’s “mighty man” Elhanan
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Character_of_David - BibleasLiterature Lectures 20 & 21...

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