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Judges - Bible As Literature Lecture 18 Administrative...

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Lecture 18 3/3/10 Bible As Literature
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Administrative Friday (3/5) RA 1 comes back RA 2 posted on compass No lecture slides posted Begin the David story Read: 1 Sam 1:1-12:25 Quiz 4 on Monday (3/8)
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Tribal Confederacy and its Limits The Book of Judges
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Recall: Deuteronomistic History Six-volume history chronicling the rise and fall of Israel as a monarchy History as “theodicy:” Explain why monarchy ended in collapse Offer hope for restoration of covenantal relationship between God and Israel History ends on hopeful note (cf. 2 Kings 25:27- 30) Holds that covenant independent of political autonomy and order.
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The “Deuternomistic Pattern” Foreshadowed in Joshua Given Full Expression in Judges Relapse: “Then the Israelites did what was evil in the sight of the Lord. ..” (2:11) Failures tied to the commands of Deuteronomy, esp. with regard to indigenous cults Punishment “[The Lord] gave them over to plunderers who plundered them. .” (2:14) Repentance Not attested in every instance (contrast 2:18 with 10:10-16) Deliverance “Then the Lord raised up judges, who delivered them out of the power of those who plundered them. . .Whenever the Lord raised up judges for them, the Lord was with the judge and he delivered them from the hand of their enemies all the days of the judge.” (2:16-18)
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What is a “Judge”? Not a legal official Defined by several features Charismatic military leader (e.g., Gideon, Deborah) Recognized by Israelite tribes on basis of divine signs Temporary office Does not hold office permanently Leads coalitions to meet specific threats Primarily to deliver a subgroup of the tribes against a designated opponent.
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Incomplete Conquest
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Cities not conquered: Judges 1:21-38 Jerusalem Cf. Josh 12:10, 2 Sam 5:6f.
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