Language%20socialization%20and%20participation%20updated

Language%20socialization%20and%20participation%20updated -...

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Participation/Language socialization Anth 270/271
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Participation The idealized model of the speaker-addressee The categories of “speaker” and “hearer” are actually far more complicated
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“Speakers” Speakers do not merely speak as themselves, but also take on other “voices” Goffman: Animator : The person who utters the words Author : The person for is responsible for the selection of words Principal : The person or institution whose position is being represented
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Who’s the animator/author/principal? President Obama’s spokesperson holds a news conference Obama gives a speech at the UN Lucy says to her babysitter “But Mom said ‘If they want ice cream for dinner, it’s ok’” Margaret Cho says “So why don’t ya tell them in your native language, we’re switching to ABC”
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Leakage Though the categories of animator/author/principal may be analytically distinct, we still hold animators responsible for the words they utter Example: “Because if I didn’t speak 2 lgs, someone might say something about my mother, but when I don’t understand what he is saying to me, even if he says to me F*** your mother’ , begging God’s pardon , how would I know what he is saying to me? “ (Hill and Irvine 1993) Speaker = animator only Other person= author, principal Apology for animation
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Turn-taking Ordinary talk/institutional rules Self-selection or other-selection What are the participation rules for being a student in a class? in a seminar? For listening to a
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This note was uploaded on 05/23/2011 for the course ANTH 270 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign.

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Language%20socialization%20and%20participation%20updated -...

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