markedness%20and%20gender - LinguisticMarkednessand Gender

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Linguistic Markedness and  Gender
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Sociolinguistic variation Language ideology: “standard” vs. “vernacular” “the cultural system of ideas about social and linguistic  relationships, together with their loading of moral and  political interests”  (Irvine 1989) What are the indexical values associated with speaking  the “local” or “vernacular”?  E.g. raising and tensing of /æ/; “Ham” [hæm] vs. [hi ə m]
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Variationist studies Standard:  people, settings, institutions of social and eco  power Non-standard: working class and lower middle class  How does this map onto gender?
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Linguistic markets People operate in different linguistic markets, where  different kinds of capital are valued Working/middle class jobs where women are  overrepresented : teachers, secretaries, receptionists,  flight attendants, waitress What are the linguistic demands for women in these  kinds of jobs vs for men in comparable positions (e.g.  mechanic, factory worker, plumber, electrician)?
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Jocks and Burnouts in high school Categories which are defined by boys’ actions and roles  (athletics, working on your car) Jock girls activities (student gov’t, cheerleading, dances)  auxillary to boys Jock girls and burnout girls maintain maximal  distance/opposition from each other 
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This note was uploaded on 05/23/2011 for the course ANTH 270 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign.

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markedness%20and%20gender - LinguisticMarkednessand Gender

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