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Paradigm%20shifts%20in%20linguistic%20anthropology0

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 5/23/11 Paradigm shifts in linguistic anthropology Anth 270/271
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5/23/11 Franz Boas (185 8- 1942 ) Edwar d Sapir (1884- 1939) Benja min Whorf (1897- 1941) Scholars in this paradigm work in both anthro and ling depts
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5/23/11 Paradigm 1: Boas/Sapir/ Whorf “Anthropological linguistics”/“Salvage linguistics” (“The Linguists”) Goals Methods Units of analysis View of language Key theoretical issues
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Paradigm 1: “Anthropological Goals Documentation, description, classification of indigenous languages Methods Elicitation of word lists, grammatical patterns, traditional texts from native speakers Units of analysis Sentence, word, morpheme, myths, tales View of language Lexicon +grammar (the unconscious); arbitrary and unconscious relations between language as a symbolic system and reality (Duranti, 2003)
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5/23/11 Paradigm 2: John Gumperz/Dell Hymes 1960’s Chomsky: universal grammar Reaction against Chomskyian linguistics New advances in recording technology Split between anthro//linguistics “Ethnography of communication”, “Sociolinguistics”
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5/23/11 The speech community (Gumperz) “any human aggregate characterized by regular and frequent interaction by means of a shared body of verbal signs and set off from similar aggregates by significant differences in language usage” (p. 43) The unit of analysis shifts
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