305 pp2 - StepsoftheResearchProcess Selectingatopic...

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1 Steps of the Research Process Selecting a topic Reviewing the literature Focusing the question; Forming hypotheses Designing a study (selecting methods, developing  measurements and selecting samples) Collecting data Analyzing data  Interpreting findings Informing others of your findings
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2 Research Types Quantitative methods emphasizes the production of  precise, objective, and generalizable statistical findings.   Qualitative methods emphasizes depth of understanding  and the deeper meaning of human experience that are  used with the aim of generating theoretically rich  observations.  Mixed methods (Rubin & Babbie, 1997)
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3 Quantitative         vs          Qualitative Deductive logic Measure objective facts Independent of context Free of values Standardized measurement of  variables Controlled situations  (randomization or other methods) Statistical analyses to determine  the likelihood and sampling errors Generalizability Researcher is detached Reliability  Relatively large, representative  samples Linear path Inductive logic Construct social reality, cultural  meaning  Subjective, relative, or contextual Explicitly responsive of values interactive processes and events In-depth interviewing, participant  observation, or content analysis of  documents Less structured and standardized  interviews Supportive (or even therapeutic)  relationship bt. researcher and  subject Researcher is the primary  instrument and involved Authenticity Small number of special cases Non-linear path 
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4 Quantitative Research Steps Problem identification Research question formulation Literature review Construction of hypotheses (Refinement of research  questions) Research design and planning Data collection Analysis of data Specification of research findings Interpretation of research findings Dissemination of research findings Use of findings by the social workers (Yegidis & Weinbach, 2006)
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5 Qualitative Research Steps Problem identification Initial research question formulation Limited literature review Initial data collection and analysis Continued data collection and analysis Review of relevant literature Data interpretation Formulation of theories or hypotheses Dissemination of findings Use of findings by the social worker (Yegidis & Weinbach, 2006)
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6 Theory and Research Theory: an interrelationship that leads to the ability to  predict events Interplay of theory and observation Three main functions:  Organize Explain Predict
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7 Purpose of a Study Exploratory  research is done via case studies and 
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This note was uploaded on 05/24/2011 for the course SOWK 305 taught by Professor Yeom during the Spring '11 term at James Madison University.

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305 pp2 - StepsoftheResearchProcess Selectingatopic...

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