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Unformatted text preview: Qualitative Research
Qualitative Research Qualitative Research: Qualitative Research: •
• words rather than numbers
Exploratory Closeness to participant and data – embracing subjectivity
Intentionality of consciousness • Thick description – Holistically conveying complex words of participants • Researcher as instrument of data collection – Journaling (reflexivity)
– Field notes
– Multiple realities Reasons for Conducting Qualitative Reasons for Conducting Qualitative Research
• You want to explore a topic about which little is known • You are pursuing a topic of sensitivity and emotional depth • You wish to capture the “lived experience” of those who live it and create meaning from it. Reasons Continued
• You are a quantitative researcher who has reached an impasse in data collection or in explaining findings Qualitative Research and Social Qualitative Research and Social Work Practice
• Seem to fit together “hand in glove” – Both start where the client is
– Similar methods of information gathering:
• Primary method of data collection is indepth interviewing, observation and document review – Indepth interviewing elicits thoughts, memories, and feelings
– A joint search for meaning and understanding Components of the Components of the Methods Section
• Modes of Inquiry – Grounded Theory
– Case Study – individual, group, city, agency – Ethnography Sampling
Non Probability Sampling
Relatively small numbers
Seek to capture depth and richness
rather than representativeness • In qualitative research, we do not argue that our samples are broadly representative or that our findings are generalizable to other groups or sites. • Instead, we seek corroboration for our findings from other sources Rigor or Trustworthiness
Rigor or Trustworthiness
• Different from quantitative research (no dependence on validity and/or reliability of instrument) – Triangulation – multiple sources of information
– Member Checking – return to the respondents
– Audit Trail – documentation of activities Data Collection
– Field notes • Intensive Interviewing – Focus Groups/Individuals
– Matching interviewer to respondent? • Documents as existing data
• Journaling – using researcher as instrument
– rigor Data Management/Analysis
• Transcribing audio tapes – By researcher or outside source • Coding the data – Constant comparative coding
• Time consuming
• Can be anxiety provoking • Data analysis software Literature Review
Important to think about this step both prior to and after the data collection/analysis process.
• Grounded theory – no prior literature review
• All other modes of inquiry, literature review will be conducted prior to, during, and after data collection and analysis. Guidelines for writing a qualitative Guidelines for writing a qualitative proposal
• Similar in some respects to quantitative • proposals
Differences – Need to present a tightly reasoned argument for why the research is important
– Need a description of the procedures to be employed and strategies for rigor.
– Often a description of the researcher and their place within the research is necessary to inform the reader of existing biases. Things to consider . . .
Things to consider . . .
• 1. Determine the extent to which qualitative methodology is appropriate considering the evaluation’s purposes and intended uses • 2.Make major design decisions so that the design answers important evaluation questions for intended users. Things to Consider
Things to Consider
• 3. Design the evaluation with careful attention to ethical issues • 4. Anticipate analysis – design the evaluation data collection to facilitate the process of data analysis Things to consider . . . Things to consider . . . • 5. Analyze the data so that the qualitative findings are clear, credible and address the relevant and priority evaluation question and issues. • Now you are ready to go ye forth and do all things qualitative ...
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This note was uploaded on 05/24/2011 for the course SOWK 305 taught by Professor Yeom during the Spring '11 term at James Madison University.
- Spring '11