Jazz Study Guide - Early jazz : Jelly Roll Morton Early...

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Unformatted text preview: Early jazz : Jelly Roll Morton Early jazz (Piano) 1 st important jazz composer One of the 1 st musicians to balance composition with improvisation while retaining the excitement of collectively improvised jazz Bridged the gap between the piano styles of ragtime and jazz by loosening ragtimes rhythmic feeling and decreasing its embellishments James P. Johnson Early jazz (Piano) Father of stride Piano Smoothed transition from ragtime to jazz Playing was lighter, faster and less bluesy then Mortons Influenced Fats Waller and Duke Ellington Fats Waller Early jazz (Piano) One of the most popular jazz figures 6 of his recordings hit #1 on the sales charts (some million sellers) Broadcasted on the radio in 1923 Wrote music for Broadway shows Aint Misbehavin, Honeysuckle Rose, and Jitterbug Waltz are best known Most of his material was novelty songs He was known for making witty statements while playing Art Tatum, Count Basie, and Dave Brubeck imitated him Earl Hines Early jazz (Piano) Moved to Chicago Recorded with Louis Armstrong in the 1920s Radio broadcasts and toured Style impacted Teddy Wilson, Nat Cole, Art Tatum, and Count Basie Influenced modern jazz Brassy piano style Louis Armstrong Early jazz (Trumpet and vocal) Called the father of jazz or Pops Born in New Orleans and left for Chicago His bands best known piece is Dippermouth Blues Collective improvisation West end blues:-Opening phrases among the most famous-Warm, brassy tone-12 bar blues-Established a tradition in jazz Most widely imitated jazz improviser prior to Charlie Parker Influenced Swing era players One of the first soloists in jazz history Jazz swing feeling Brought a sense of drama to jazz solo conception New Orleans trumpet style Singing influenced Louis Prima, Billie Holiday, and Bing Crosby Popularized scat singing Bix Beiderbecke Early jazz (Trumpet) 2 nd most influential trumpet in the 1920s Contrasted with Armstrongs approach. Armstrong was hot and Bix was cool Unusual note choices Admired modern tendencies in his improvisations Known for rich harmonies in his compositions Riverboat Shuffle Popularity of Early Jazz: Wide appeal, especially young audiences Original Dixieland Jazz Band was the first jazz band recorded in 1917 New Orleans and Chicago First forms of jazz resulted in blending improv. Approaches to ragtime, blues, spirituals, marches and popular tunes 1 st jazz bands used trumpet, clarinet,trombone, tuba, drums, and saxophone...
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Jazz Study Guide - Early jazz : Jelly Roll Morton Early...

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