Jazz Study Guide - Early jazz Jelly Roll Morton Early...

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Unformatted text preview: Early jazz : Jelly Roll Morton Early jazz (Piano) • 1 st important jazz composer • One of the 1 st musicians to balance composition with improvisation while retaining the excitement of collectively improvised jazz • Bridged the gap between the piano styles of ragtime and jazz by loosening ragtime’s rhythmic feeling and decreasing its embellishments James P. Johnson Early jazz (Piano) • “Father” of stride Piano • Smoothed transition from ragtime to jazz • Playing was lighter, faster and less bluesy then Morton’s • Influenced Fats Waller and Duke Ellington Fats Waller Early jazz (Piano) • One of the most popular jazz figures • 6 of his recordings hit #1 on the sales charts (some million sellers) • Broadcasted on the radio in 1923 • Wrote music for Broadway shows • “Ain’t Misbehavin’,” “Honeysuckle Rose,” and “Jitterbug Waltz” are best known • Most of his material was novelty songs • He was known for making witty statements while playing • Art Tatum, Count Basie, and Dave Brubeck imitated him Earl Hines Early jazz (Piano) • Moved to Chicago • Recorded with Louis Armstrong in the 1920’s • Radio broadcasts and toured • Style impacted Teddy Wilson, Nat Cole, Art Tatum, and Count Basie • Influenced modern jazz • “Brassy” piano style Louis Armstrong Early jazz (Trumpet and vocal) • Called the “father of jazz” or “Pops” • Born in New Orleans and left for Chicago • His band’s best known piece is “Dippermouth Blues” • Collective improvisation • “West end blues”:-Opening phrases among the most famous-Warm, brassy tone-12 bar blues-Established a tradition in jazz • Most widely imitated jazz improviser prior to Charlie Parker • Influenced Swing era players • One of the first soloists in jazz history • “Jazz swing feeling” • Brought a sense of drama to jazz solo conception • New Orleans trumpet style • Singing influenced Louis Prima, Billie Holiday, and Bing Crosby • Popularized scat singing Bix Beiderbecke Early jazz (Trumpet) • 2 nd most influential trumpet in the 1920’s • Contrasted with Armstrong’s approach. Armstrong was hot and Bix was cool • Unusual note choices • Admired modern tendencies in his improvisations • Known for rich harmonies in his compositions • “Riverboat Shuffle” Popularity of Early Jazz: • Wide appeal, especially young audiences • Original Dixieland Jazz Band was the first jazz band recorded in 1917 • New Orleans and Chicago • First forms of jazz resulted in blending improv. Approaches to ragtime, blues, spirituals, marches and popular tunes • 1 st jazz bands used trumpet, clarinet,trombone, tuba, drums, and saxophone •...
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This note was uploaded on 05/24/2011 for the course MUH 2018 taught by Professor Anneliesegrasemann during the Fall '10 term at Edison State College.

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Jazz Study Guide - Early jazz Jelly Roll Morton Early...

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