Ch01-Introduction - Ch 1 Introduction Sections: 1....

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Ch 1 Introduction Sections: 1. Production Systems 2. Automation in Production Systems 3. Manual Labor in Production Systems 4. Automation Principles and Strategies 5. Organization of the Book 1
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The Realities of Modern Manufacturing Globalization - Once underdeveloped countries (e.g., China, India, Mexico) are becoming major players in manufacturing International outsourcing - Parts and products once made in the United States by American companies are now being made offshore (overseas) or near-shore (in Mexico and Central America) Local outsourcing - Use of suppliers within the U.S. to provide parts and services
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More Realities of Modern Manufacturing Contract manufacturing - Companies that specialize in manufacturing entire products, not just parts, under contract to other companies Trend toward the service sector in the U.S. economy Quality expectations - Customers, both consumer and corporate, demand products of the highest quality Need for operational efficiency - U.S. manufacturers must be efficient in in their operations to overcome the labor cost advantage of international competitors
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Modern Manufacturing Approaches and Technologies Automation - automated equipment instead of labor Material handling technologies - because manufacturing usually involves a sequence of activities Manufacturing systems - integration and coordination of multiple automated or manual workstations Flexible manufacturing - to compete in the low- volume/high-mix product categories Quality programs - to achieve the high quality expected by today's customers CIM - to integrate design, production, and logistics Lean production - more work with fewer resources
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Production System Defined A collection of people, equipment, and procedures organized to accomplish the manufacturing operations of a company Two categories: Facilities – the factory and equipment in the facility and the way the facility is organized (plant layout) Manufacturing support systems – the set of procedures used by a company to manage production and to solve technical and logistics problems in ordering materials, moving work through the factory, and ensuring that products meet quality standards
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The Production System
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This note was uploaded on 05/24/2011 for the course INDUSTRIAL IE 322 taught by Professor Khozama during the Spring '06 term at German University in Cairo.

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Ch01-Introduction - Ch 1 Introduction Sections: 1....

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