Apr20 - III The Polish Pope and Solidarity • The Role of...

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Long Decline: Communism in Eastern Europe, 1970- 1989 Key Terms: Helsinki Accords Pope John Paul II Charter 77 Solidarity Vaclav Havel Lech Wałęsa I. Resignation “The most dangerous time for a bad government is when it tries to reform itself” – de Tocqueville Retreat into the Private Sphere Economic stagnation 1 2 o Polish board game all about waiting in line II. Détente and Dissent Helsinki Accords (1975) o Froze the maps of Europe o Guarantee certain human rights Vaclav Havel and Charter 77 o The Power of the Powerless
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Unformatted text preview: III. The Polish Pope and Solidarity • The Role of the Catholic Church o Served as a social and cultural alternative to communism • Karol Wojtyła becomes Pope John Paul II • The Pope’s Return (1979) • Solidarity and Lech Wałęsa o “There would be no freedom without solidarity” o the Poles formed the first independent union in the Communist bloc o 10 million joined o To some, solidarity meant counterrevolution and striking against their own nation • The general banned solidarity and declared marshal law • Eventually, there were free elections once the Gorbachev revolution started to sweep the land...
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This note was uploaded on 05/24/2011 for the course HIST 152 taught by Professor Hunt during the Fall '10 term at UNC.

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