Feb21 - The Origins of the Modern Mind Key Terms Positivism...

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The Origins of the Modern Mind Key Terms Positivism Social Darwinism Emile Durkeim Quantum Theory Leopold von Ranke Id, Ego, Super Ego (Freud) Charles Darwin Friedrich Nietzsche’s Superman I. The Triumph of Science Tipping point of modern science o There was finally a faith in modern science to explain the world around us and improve it The Enlightenment’s Child: Auguste Comte (1798-1857), Positivism, and the Religion of Humanity o Positivism – absolute truths can be achieved though scientific testing o These ideas from natural science can then be applied to the human world o Phase 1: Comte said people didn’t understand the world, so it was natural for them to grasp onto religion o Phase 2: Metaphysical enlightenment o Phase 3: science became the new religion of society The New Social Sciences: Sociology, Economics, History o Karl Marx (1818-1883) Above all, he was a social scientist
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Feb21 - The Origins of the Modern Mind Key Terms Positivism...

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