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Feb28 - The Origins and Outbreak of World War I Key Terms...

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The Origins and Outbreak of World War I Key Terms The Fischer Thesis Anglo-German Naval Rivalry chauvinism (jingoism) The Black Hand Kaiser William II Berlin’s carte blanche Triple Alliance The “Primacy of Domestic Politics” Entente Cordiale I. The Origins of World War: The Classic Case of Multi-Causality The “long 19 th century” came to an end in 1914 Europe is at its zenith in 1914 Classic multi-causal situation Spark that lights the powder keg – assassination of archduke Ferdinand Which country was most responsible for World War I? o The (Fritz) Fischer Thesis/Debate and German History: Germany’s War Aims in the First World War (1961) Fischer first posed the thesis that the German military ambitions were to blame for the war o Above all, they were trying to create a great middle Europe empire – emerged as a goal during the war and thus prolonged it He won the debate o The Germans and the Austrians were both certainly to blame o By 1919, the Allies had agreed on the guilty party as Germany prior to the Treaty of Versailles The Germans refused to recognize this until the 1960’s
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