Hunt14 - Lynn Hunt The Making of the West Chapter 14 1...

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Lynn Hunt, The Making of the West Chapter 14 1. English coffeehouses were A. important places to discuss politics and society. B. patronized only by aristocrats because coffee was so expensive. C. strictly regulated by the government. D. slow to catch on in London but were highly popular in smaller towns. 2. Colonial farmers shipped to Europe large quantities of all of the following products except A. coffee. B. wool. C. sugar. D. tobacco. 3. Which of the following statements about the Atlantic slave trade in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries is not true? A. Before 1675, most African slaves were sent to Brazil, but within a quarter of a century, half were being shipped to the Caribbean. B. The plantation economy in North America absorbed a vast number of slaves, reaching its height in the second half of the eighteenth century. C. By the time the slave trade began to wind down, in the mid-nineteenth century, some five million Africans had been sold as slaves in the Americas. D. Most slaves from Africa's west coast were sold to European traders by other Africans who had captured them through warfare or kidnapping. 4. The slave trade had a lasting impact on Europe because it A. encouraged many more Europeans to go to the colonies to find work. B. put many European farmers out of business by undercutting their prices. C. permanently altered consumption patterns for ordinary people. D. introduced African products and goods into Europe for the first time. 5. By the eighteenth century, many Europeans began to try to provide a rationale for the institution of slavery based predominantly on A. religious grounds, as many asserted that African “heathens” deserved to be enslaved. B. Africans' purported mental inferiority. C. historical precedent, pointing to slavery as a “natural” practice that dated as far back as ancient Greece and the Roman empire. D. the claim that contact with European religion and culture, coupled with hard work, had an edifying, or civilizing, effect on so-called primitive peoples. 6. Children of Spanish men and Indian women were called A. mestizos. B. caballeros. C. quilombos.
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D. oroonokos. 7. After some 200 years of tolerance and even support, the English and Dutch governments suddenly tried to stamp out piracy around 1700 because A. it became increasingly hard to retain maritime personnel for the unpleasant work on slave ships when sailors had the option of a more lucrative life as pirates. B. Protestant governments in particular began to look upon their association with such “criminal elements” as antithetical to cherished Christian values. C. the presence of an increasing number of women travelers gave rise to a concomitant public clamor demanding that they be protected from possible contact with pirates. D.
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Hunt14 - Lynn Hunt The Making of the West Chapter 14 1...

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