Hunt15 - Lynn Hunt The Making of the West Chapter 15 1 Writers of the Enlightenment called themselves A penss B philosophes C bibliophiles D

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Lynn Hunt, The Making of the West Chapter 15 1. Writers of the Enlightenment called themselves A. pensés. B. philosophes. C. bibliophiles. D. incroyables. 2. The Encyclopedia contributed to Enlightenment goals of social reform by A. promoting the spread of knowledge that would be used to make informed decisions about social problems. B. funding from its sales the charitable schools established jointly by Diderot and Voltaire. C. providing systematic plans for social reform that could be used by anyone who was able to read. D. proving that a state-run system of education could turn out scholars capable of contributing to sophisticated intellectual projects like the Encyclopedia. 3. Enlightenment ideas typically spread in the eighteenth century by way of books and newspapers, personal correspondence, learned societies, private clubs like Masonic lodges, and A. religious dissenters. B. salons. C. royal courts. D. universities. 4. The eighteenth-century belief that God created the universe to follow set, logical principles and did not intervene in its functioning once he had set it in motion is known as A. Pietism. B. Jansenism. C. atheism. D. deism. 5. In his Philosophical Dictionary (1764. , Voltaire (1694–1778. offered A. a systematic analysis of the various philosophical schools from antiquity to the eighteenth-century Enlightenment. B. a critique of the royal absolutist government. C. a compilation of words and phrases commonly used to describe God, man, and the universe, for which he proposed alternative definitions. D. an attack on most of the claims of organized Christianity. 6. Voltaire's campaign to restore Jean Calas's reputation helped to bring about reforms, including the extension of civil rights to French Protestants as well as A. the abolition of the burdensome church tithe.
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B. the abolition of the legal use of torture. C. French Jews. D. access to legal representation for the poor. 7. Abbé Guillaume Raynal's book, Philosophical and Political History of European Colonies and Commerce in the Two Indies (1770. , A. proposed that France should grant independence to its overseas colonies as part of laissez-faire economics. B. revealed that secret negotiations between France, Prussia, the Dutch Republic, and Britain had led to a treaty to end the slave trade by the year 1800. C. denounced the slave trade and European colonies that wiped out native populations. D. proved that Louis XV's mistress had accepted huge bribes from India merchants in order to influence the king's decisions about overseas trade. 8. Adam Smith (1723–1790. contended that individual self-interest, including greed, A. contributed ultimately to the general welfare of society at large. B.
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This note was uploaded on 05/24/2011 for the course HIST 152 taught by Professor Hunt during the Fall '10 term at UNC.

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Hunt15 - Lynn Hunt The Making of the West Chapter 15 1 Writers of the Enlightenment called themselves A penss B philosophes C bibliophiles D

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