Hunt19 - Lynn Hunt, The Making of the West Chapter 19 1....

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Lynn Hunt, The Making of the West Chapter 19 1. The term modernity was often applied to this period because it A. outlines the ways in which almost all aspects of European life saw a rejection of past methods, morals, and manners. B. encompasses both the fruits of industrialization and the general acceptance that liberal capitalism was the best method for bringing about social happiness. C. describes the total abandonment of conventional social behavior in Europe, as characterized by extremely lax sexual mores and by anarchical economics. D. captures the accelerated pace of life, urbanization, mass politics, and artistic responses to all of these changes. 2. The discovery of this medicine removed a roadblock to European conquest of Africa. A. Quinine B. Cola C. Aspirin D. Sodium bicarbonate 3. Cecil Rhodes not only cornered the market in South African diamonds, but he also A. became the British prime minister in the 1890s. B. built a railroad running from Capetown in South Africa to Cairo in Egypt. C. believed that the world would be a better place if more of it was controlled by Britain. D. opposed British policies in Africa, criticizing the oppression of Africans. 4. In pursuing its program for modernization, the Meiji government A. gave overly favorable trade agreements to technologically advanced Western powers. B. incurred the wrath and intractable resistance of its artisan and merchant classes. C. did not tolerate anyone who opposed modernization. D. received financial support from France. 5. Russia encouraged anti-Japanese groups in which country? A. Indochina B. Formosa C. Korea D. Manchuria 6. After a brief war in 1898, Spain lost Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines to A. Mexico. B. the United States. C. Great Britain. D. France. 7. In the 1890s, Italy joined the race for imperial acquisitions and sent an army to conquer A. Ethiopia, only to be soundly defeated.
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B. Argentina, successfully establishing Italian control over Buenos Aires. C. Ethiopia, defeating the Ethiopian army at the battle of Adowa. D. the Sudan, which was, however, claimed by the British. 8. Sun Yat-Sen and his followers were able to overthrow the Qing dynasty and declare China a republic in 1911 because of A. support from Japan, which wanted China to become a client state. B. arms and marines that had secretly been smuggled to them by the United States. C. the Qing's loss of credibility after it supported the failed Boxer Uprising. D. encouragement from the Qing ruler, Dowager Empress Tz'u-hsi (Cixi). 9. The founding of the Indian National Congress in 1885 represented A. a milestone in Indian self-government. B.
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Hunt19 - Lynn Hunt, The Making of the West Chapter 19 1....

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