The Making of the West
1. World War I was called a “total war” because
A. all of the countries in Europe, their colonial possessions, and the United States were
involved in it.
the entire industrial capacity of the state, as well as all civilian and military personnel,
was mobilized to fight the war.
C. the new weapons of war, including poison gas and machine guns, killed virtually
everyone in their path.
D. armies on both sides used a scorched-earth tactic to destroy all crops, livestock,
buildings, and infrastructure in their paths.
2. Following the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand and his wife in Serbia on
July 28, 1914, Austria-Hungary sent an ultimatum to Serbia with certain demands;
Serbia accepted all of the many terms of the Austrian ultimatum except one, namely,
the presence of Austrian officials in the assassination investigation.
B. Serbian government condemnation of anti-Austrian propaganda.
C. a public condemnation of possible Serbian military involvement in the assassination.
D. a firm Serbian promise of noninterference in Bosnia.
3. Britain entered World War I in 1914 when
A. France entered the war on the Russian side.
B. Austria-Hungary invaded Serbia.
Germany violated Belgian neutrality.
D. Germany entered the war as an ally of Austria-Hungary.
4. Upon the outbreak of World War I, the world quickly devolved into two armed and
allied camps: the “Central Powers” consisting of
A. Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Russia, and the “Allies” consisting of France, Great
Britain, Turkey, and Italy.
Austria-Hungary and Germany, and the “Allies,” consisting of France, Great Britain,
Russia, and Japan.
C. Austria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Germany, and Poland, and the “Allies” consisting
of France, Great Britain, Russia, and the United States.
D. Austria-Hungary, Germany, Turkey, and Spain, and the “Allies” consisting of France,
Belgium, Great Britain, and Russia.
5. The “cult of the offensive,” which both sides in World War I wholeheartedly adopted,
was uniquely unsuited to
A. massive civilian armies, which were wholly unused to lightning-strike military tactics.
B. incorporation into the German two-front battle plan developed by Alfred von
C. the rain-soaked, uneven terrain of northeast France where most of the war was fought.
the advanced weaponry developed since the 1870–1871 Franco-Prussian War.