Hunt22 - Lynn Hunt, The Making of the West Chapter 22 1....

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Lynn Hunt, The Making of the West Chapter 22 1. When it was coined, the term second world referred to A. western Europe. B. the United States, Canada, and Great Britain. C. the Soviet Union and its socialist allies. D. the capitalist nations only. 2. One reason the war of 1939 to 1945 was more destructive in Europe than the war of 1914 to 1918 was that A. World War II was a war that for the first time involved all sectors of society, not just the military and munitions manufacturers. B. Nazi policies fanaticized the German army, leading it to wreak far greater material destruction than the army of the German kaiser during World War I. C. armies in World War II had fought a war of movement, leveling thousands of square miles of territory. D. the Allies in World War II were much more bent on punishing Germany in an effort to avenge the victims of Nazi aggression. 3. Many Jewish concentration camp survivors returned to their countries in Europe to find that A. it was easy to regain their property and possessions. B. anti-Semitism was still strong in popular opinion, and they received little help in returning to postwar life. C. guilt over the Holocaust led to a drastic decline in anti-Semitism, so postwar life was easier than prewar life. D. governments were eager to redress the injustices of the Holocaust, so Jewish property was returned and there were state programs to aid reintegration. 4. The demands of total war in the Soviet Union had encouraged independent initiative and relaxed Communist oversight, a development that Stalin A. encouraged in his five-year plan of 1946 through a series of decentralization measures designed to increase production levels. B. praised as proof of worker flexibility and self-empowerment, two linchpins of socialism. C. ruthlessly reversed through increased repression, increased production goals, and a still more radical collectivization of agriculture. D. reversed with the gradual adoption of the command and control procedures regularly exercised in the ever-growing Soviet army. 5. Although coalition governments survived for a time in some eastern European countries after the war, Stalin almost immediately imposed Communist rule in A. Poland. B. Bulgaria and Romania.
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C. Hungary and Czechoslovakia. D. Yugoslavia. 6. Following the end of World War II, the British and Americans were alarmed when A. Communist insurgents threatened the British-installed, right-wing monarchy in Greece. B. ethnic rivalry in the Balkans left the Serbian Communists as the strongest party in the region. C. the French Communist Party experienced phenomenal growth. D. the German Federal Republic failed to outlaw the German Communist Party. 7. The Marshall Plan aimed to provide A. food, equipment, and services to war-devastated Europe. B. military aid to Japan to hold off Russian and Chinese threats.
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Hunt22 - Lynn Hunt, The Making of the West Chapter 22 1....

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