Hunt23 - Lynn Hunt, The Making of the West Chapter 23 1....

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Lynn Hunt, The Making of the West Chapter 23 1. When one philosopher in the last third of the twentieth century proclaimed that people had become cyborgs, she meant that A. technology had advanced so greatly that transplants, artificial limbs, contact lenses, and other intrusive medical innovations had become a regular part of life. B. people had become so fascinated with outer space that they were more interested in space technology than they were in their own lives. C. people had become so reliant on machines that they were no longer self-sufficient; instead, they needed machines to sustain ordinary life processes. D. modern culture was so alienating that people functioned in society more like machines than sentient beings. 2. By the end of the 1970s, which of the following machines had effected a return of “outworkers”? A. The sewing machine B. The television C. The automobile D. The computer 3. In the 1960s, films such as 2001: A Space Odyssey not only reflected the enormous popular interest in space but also showed that science fiction was increasingly A. dismissing intricate or intellectual plots in favor of creating astounding special effects to dazzle the viewer. B. replacing other television and film genres, such as Westerns or sitcoms. C. concerned with explaining the dry, technical aspects of the space race in a way that would be easy for the audience to understand. D. addressing issues about life and humanity that were formerly addressed by church leaders. 4. Intelsat I, in 1965, was an example of A. East–West technological cooperation and thus a first step toward détente. B. international collaboration in commercial communications technology, with the United States as the predominant player. C. poor planning and the often misguided beginnings of the U.S. commercial space program. D. the impressive imaging technology developed by the European Space Research Organization in its drive to catch up with the United States and the Soviet Union. 5. In 1952, scientists Francis Crick and James Watson discovered A. the Salk vaccine against polio, leading to the first mass immunization program against the dreaded virus. B. penicillin, which helped to launch the boom in the use of antibiotics to treat everything from syphilis to streptococcal infections.
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C. the configuration of DNA, thus vastly expanding our knowledge of biological inheritance. D. the fire-retardant properties of asbestos, thus leading to an explosion in the material's use by the construction industry, much to the dismay of later health experts. 6. Which of the following was not a birth-control innovation during this period? A. The birth-control pill B. Vasectomies C. Condoms D. Tubal ligations 7. In the 1960s, many multinational companies shifted their production from Europe and the United States to A. the emerging economies of former colonial nations, where the companies could benefit from reduced labor costs. B. eastern Europe, where workers' hours were considerably longer than those in the
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Hunt23 - Lynn Hunt, The Making of the West Chapter 23 1....

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