Jan12 - State-Building in Early Modern Europe: Absolutism...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
State-Building in Early Modern Europe: Absolutism and Constitutionalism Renaissance – people became more interested in getting in touch with the world around them rather than a different one (heaven) o People are able to improve themselves through education Scientific revolution – grown out of the Renaissance Protestant Reformation – took some power away from secular elites o Shatters the Catholic monopoly on human truth Opens the door for more questions about things that were previously believed to have divine origins European exploration – the people of Europe were able to define themselves in terms of other cultures, which made them think they were culturally superior The Rise of Centralized States and Great Power Rivalries o Absolutism eliminated o Constitutionalism rises with popular sovereignty Key Terms 1) absolutism – all power and sovereignty rests in one individual; still needed the support of the nobles – not the same as totalitarian; justified by divine right and natural law theory 2) constitutionalism – government by a set of laws or rules that people follow and respect; power is shared among people who together can still constitute a very centralized government – they are not dependent on each other for their power 3) centralization – move away from feudalism; 4) bureaucracy 5) Thomas Hobbes 6) John Locke 7) social contract theory 8) Cardinal Richelieu, Louis XIV, and intendants 9) Parliament and The Tudor Kings (all four!) 10) The Bill of Rights and Glorious Revolution I. Absolutism, Constitutionalism, and the Secularization of Political Philosophy Politics in this age largely consisted of arguments between the church and the state Arguing for the Primacy of the State o Marsilius of Padua (1275-1342) – wrote a book saying the church should get out of politics
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 05/24/2011 for the course HIST 152 taught by Professor Hunt during the Fall '10 term at UNC.

Page1 / 4

Jan12 - State-Building in Early Modern Europe: Absolutism...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online