Jan24 - The Eighteenth-Century Enlightenment A New Vision...

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The Eighteenth-Century Enlightenment: A New Vision for the Modern Era What was the Enlightenment? What were its key values? How did it provide a basic vision for the West in the modern era? For the world? Who were some of the key figures of the “High Enlightenment”? Key Terms · philosophes – some were philosophers · The Republic of Letters · Deism · Salons and Le Monde · Cafés and Grub Street · Voltaire · Baron d’Holbach · Denis Diderot and The Encyclopedie · Jean-Jacques Rousseau and The Social Contract · Critical Public Sphere I. The Enlightenment: A New Vision for the West Started with the Scientific Revolution Wanted to apply these ideas to develop a better idea of the human world Key Principles and Values Reason, Experience, and Secular Ethics o God, Nature, and Deism o Skepticism, Critical Inquiry, o Human Potential, Optimism, and Progress o Tolerance of Difference o Freedom of the Individual, Freedom of Opinion Social and Cultural Foundations

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