Jan26 - The Limits of Absolutism, Enlightened and Not What...

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The Limits of Absolutism, Enlightened and Not What is “Enlightened Absolutism”? Was there such a thing? o Why are Frederick II and Joseph II considered o What were the limits of absolute government, especially in France? Key Terms · “enlightened absolutism” · Joseph II · Frederick II · Allgemeines Landrecht (General Law Code) · Parlements · The Third Estate I. Enlightened Absolutism: Concept and Reality I Some monarchs used the ideas of the Enlightenment to claim their further right to rule o Marxists argue the Enlightenment was a bourgeoisie rhetoric that was the absolutists last effort to extend themselves Austria: Maria Theresa and Joseph II o Prussia: Frederick the Great o Russia: Catherine the Great Definition: Reform from above (Enlightened rulers) informed by Enlightenment principles Goal: better, more rational government aimed at improving the overall moral, material, and intellectual condition of society Birth, Death, and Rebirth of an Analytical Construct: Historical Debates
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This note was uploaded on 05/24/2011 for the course HIST 152 taught by Professor Hunt during the Fall '10 term at UNC.

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Jan26 - The Limits of Absolutism, Enlightened and Not What...

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