A3 - Arg Essay (3).docx - Powell 1 Clara Powell(40059118 Mark Rozahegy ENGL213 Assignment#3 Argumentative essay In 1944 Polish law professor Raphael

A3 - Arg Essay (3).docx - Powell 1 Clara Powell(40059118...

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Powell 1 Clara Powell (40059118) Mark Rozahegy ENGL213 17/07/2019 Assignment #3: Argumentative essay In 1944, Polish law professor Raphael Lemkin introduced the concept of “genocide” in his book Axis Rule in Occupied Europe . The term refers to the decimation of an ethnicity or specific group of people. According to Lemkin, genocide can be committed by targeting one or more of the eight “fields” of an ethnicity’s life. These fields are the political, social, cultural, economic, biological, physical, religious and moral ones. In the professor’s words, cultural genocide is when “the local population is forbidden to use its own language in schools and in printing” and when there is “a rigid control of all cultural activities”. The section entitled “Language and culture” from the Final Report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) and the article entitled The Residential School System written by Murray Sinclair and A. C. Hamilton describe measures similar to those described by Lemkin applied to Aboriginal peoples of Canada when the residential school system (RSS) was active. Drawing from these examples, we can argue that the Government of Canada attempted cultural genocide on its Aboriginal peoples by creating an educational system which aimed to assimilate them, rather than civilize them, through the adoption of destructive language policies and through the active discouragement of the pursuit of tradition. The extreme language policies adopted by the RSS can be identified as a method to achieve cultural genocide in the residential schools because they caused language loss within the Aboriginal student body. In its Final Report

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