SOC 100 notes Feb 14, 2011

SOC 100 notes Feb 14, 2011 - Lecture5 19:54...

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Lecture 5 19:54 Social Stratification Core ideology of stratification in the U.S. Everyone has the equal opportunity to succeed (but is not guaranteed  success) Success is based on merit (not on wealth, family ties, or other special  statuses) Achieving success results from individual ability and hard work Together these beliefs suggest that class stratification is the outcome of  individual characteristics, unimpeded by structural constraints and unaided by  group privilege. In other words, success is due to hard work and ability, failure is due to  individual shortcomings The message of such an ideology is clear: existing system of inequality is  fair To state these ideas more precisely, American ideology generally includes  the intertwined notions of equal opportunity, meritocracy, and individualism. o Equal opportunity - the idea that people should have the same chance to  achieve success o Meritocracy - the notion that people are rewarded and are able to advance  because of their abilities o Individualism - a system of beliefs that highlights the importance of the  single person over any social group. For those in power, this ideology justifies their power along with. o Convincing people that their success is only through merit and hard work; o That people are poor only because their either lack merit or are lazy. Studies show that most people do not believe that class inequality is only the  result of merit and individual effort, but… Enough people do actually believe it, and; Belief in ideology of individual merit and achievement is often a source of  hope for the downtrodden (keeps them pacified) Wealth Inequality
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An increase in the concentration of wealth has occurred in the U.S since the  1980’s 
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This note was uploaded on 05/25/2011 for the course SOC Soc 100 taught by Professor C.broman during the Spring '11 term at Michigan State University.

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SOC 100 notes Feb 14, 2011 - Lecture5 19:54...

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