9 Transcription & Translation Study Guide

9 Transcription & Translation Study Guide - BS 111...

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BS 111 Study Guide Transcription and Translation Define, describe or illustrate the following terms: Promoter DNA-binding protein RNA polymerase genotype Phenotype auxotroph Prototroph mRNA TATA box post transcriptional -10 box template non-template zipper elongation termination general transcription factor transcription factor RNA polymerase I RNA polymerase II RNA polymerase III intron Exon RNA splicing Primary transcript ribozyme Spliceosome small nuclear ribonucleoprotein (snurp) 5’ guanine cap poly A tail PolyA polymerase polyadenylation ORF 5’ and 3’ UTR Alternative splicing triplet code Codon anticodon Genetic code wobble tRNA rRNA amino acyl tRNA synthetase charged tRNA nucleolous P, A and E sites peptide release factor polysome post-translational signal peptide signal recognition particle (SRP) point mutation silent mutation missense nonsense frameshift mutation allele Spontaneous mutation Auxotroph One gene one enzyme hypothesis One gene one polypeptide hypothesis Non-overlapping code
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9 Transcription & Translation Study Guide - BS 111...

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