Slaves hist 6 - Slaves of America Razvan Avram History 6(37281 Critical Analysis Paper Option A Slaves Page 1 Slaves of America Work Cited The

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Slaves of America Razvan Avram History 6 (37281) Critical Analysis Paper Option A Slaves Page 1
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Slaves of America Work Cited The First Slave Auction at New Amsterdam in 1655 Howard Pyle Voices of a People’s History of the United States Howard Zinn and Anthony Arnove A People’s History of the United States Howard Zinn Page 2
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Slaves of America As early as the 1600 hundreds there are records of United States having a big interest in the slave trade. “New Amsterdam, a town on the tip of Manhattan Island within the Dutch colony of New Netherland, saw a sudden influx of African slave labor in 1655. The Dutch had been involved with the African slave trade for some time, having seized Portugal's Elmina Castle along the West African coast about two decades earlier. Soon after gaining control of the slave factory they were shipping 2,500 slaves across the Atlantic each year. Many of these slaves were sent to Brazil, another territory the Dutch had seized from Portugal. But this control of Brazil was short-lived. The Dutch were still active participants in the slave trade when they lost control of Brazil in 1654. Now they directed their attention to the colony of New Netherland. The colony already had black slaves; these had generally come by way of the Caribbean Islands. In 1655, the first large shipment of slaves directly from Africa arrived at New Amsterdam. “ In my views the idea of slavery came from those who had servants and realized that they were paying the servants too much money when they could just buy them once and own them as a piece of property with only having to feed them and provide shelter. Slaves from Africa were being brought on ships to the new land by boat without having any choices or say in, pretty much by force. “The Virginians of 1619 were desperate for labor, to grow enough food to stay alive. Among them were survivors from the winter of 1609-1610, the "starving time," when, crazed for want of food, they roamed the woods for nuts and berries, dug up graves to eat the corpses, and died in batches until five hundred colonists were reduced to sixty. They couldn't force the Indians to work for them, as Columbus had done. They were outnumbered, and while, with superior firearms, they could massacre Indians, they would face massacre in return. They could not capture them and keep them enslaved; the Indians were tough, resourceful, defiant, and at home in these woods, as the transplanted Englishmen were not. White servants had not yet been Page 3
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Slaves of America brought over in sufficient quantity. Besides, they did not come out of slavery, and did not have to do more than contract their labor for a few years to get their passage and a start in the New World. As for the free white settlers, many of them were skilled craftsmen, or even men of leisure back in England, who were so little inclined to work the land that John Smith, in those early years, had to declare a kind of martial law, organize them into work gangs, and force them
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This note was uploaded on 05/25/2011 for the course HIST 6 taught by Professor Hall during the Spring '11 term at Riverside Community College.

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Slaves hist 6 - Slaves of America Razvan Avram History 6(37281 Critical Analysis Paper Option A Slaves Page 1 Slaves of America Work Cited The

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