Intergenerational9 - INTERGENERATIONAL JUSTICE I....

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INTERGENERATIONAL JUSTICE I. utilitarianism on obligations to Future Generations (FGs). -Can utilitarian theory in principle cover FGs? Is utilitarianism biased against the future? Is it biased in favour of present generations? No, as the utilitarian philosopher, Smart, shows, there is no prejudice against FGs. We ought to feel obligation to prevent greater evil in the future even if it meant a huge sacrifice today. ( Smart and Williams, Utilitarianism. For and Against , pp62-67) - Stern Review: Impersonal consequentialism ‘’…we treat the welfare of future generations on a par with our own’ (p31). II. two general approaches to justice 1. Justice as mutual advantage 2. Justice as fairness Re 1: Justice as mutual advantage . Situations can be assessed with respect to how far they are ‘just’ by the criterion of whether they have emerged as as the outcome of bargains reached among self-interested utility maximisers (Hume) D.Hume, 1711-1776, in ‘A Treatise of Human Nature’, the doctrine of the circumstances of justice: (a) moderate scarcity of goods, (b) moderate selfishness, (c).relative equality (only those who can cause trouble qualify to sit at the bargaining table) If these conditions do not apply situations cannot be assessed in terms of ‘justice’. . Implications of the Humean doctrine for our treatment of future generations.
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This note was uploaded on 05/25/2011 for the course ECON 1001 taught by Professor Donaldberry during the Spring '09 term at UCL.

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Intergenerational9 - INTERGENERATIONAL JUSTICE I....

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