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NON-IDENTITY PROBLEM (NIP) otherwise known as The Paradox of the Future Individuals ( D.Parfit, G. Kavka) - NIP as a philosophical puzzle: unobjectionable assumptions, highly objectionable conclusion, - Bizarre and alarming implications for environmental policy. Structure of the argument : First assumption (concerning the nature of harm) : there is no harm where there are no persons harmed ( ‘person affecting view’ otherwise known as ‘the slogan’ according to which actions are morally good or bad if they are good or bad for those people whom they affect) Second assumption (concerning personal identity): a distinctive property of each person is that of having grown from the particular pair of cells from which this person did in fact grow. The application of the two assumption to Parfit’s scenarios : 1.Depletion / Conservation policy 2. Risky / Safe policy. Since the choice of policy will affect the pattern of conceptions, individuals who will come to live following the Depletion policy are not the same as those who would have
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This note was uploaded on 05/25/2011 for the course ECON 1001 taught by Professor Donaldberry during the Spring '09 term at UCL.

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