BSC11_StdyGde_III - Chapter31Objectives 1 kingdoms 2 3 4...

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BSC1011 Study Guide III                                             Spring 2006 Chapter 31 Objectives      Introduction to the Fungi   1  List the characteristics that distinguish fungi from members of other multicellular  kingdoms. 2  Explain how fungi acquire their nutrients. 3  Describe the basic body plan of a fungus. 4  Describe the processes of plasmogamy and karyogamy in fungi. 5  Explain the significance of heterokaryotic stages in fungal life cycles. Diversity of Fungi   6  Describe the evidence that suggests that Fungi and Animalia are sister kingdoms. 7  Explain the possible significance of the flagellated spores of members of the phylum  Chytridiomycota. 8  Describe the life cycle of the black bread mold,  Rhizopus stolonifer.   9  Describe two alternate hypotheses to explain the reduced mitochondria of the  microsporidia. 10 Distinguish between ectomycorrhizae and endomycorrhizae. 11 Distinguish among the Zygomycota, Ascomycota, and Basidiomycota. Include a  description of the sexual structure that characterizes each group and list some  common examples of each group. Ecological Impacts of Fungi   12 Describe some of the roles of fungi in ecosystems. 13 Describe the structure of a lichen. Explain the roles of the fungal component of the  lichen. 14 Explain how lichens may act as pioneers on newly burned soil or volcanic rock. 15 Describe the role of fungi as agricultural pests. 16 Define mycosis, and describe some human mycoses. 17 Describe three commercial roles played by fungi. Words you should know: Chapter 31 a arbuscular mycorrhizae ascocarp ascomycete ascus basidiocarp basidiomycete basidium chitin chytrid club fungus coenocytic conidium deuteromycete
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dikaryotic ectomycorrhizae endomycorrhizae exoenzyme glomeromycete haustorium heterokaryon hypha karyogamy lichen microsporidia mold mycelium mycorrhizae mycosis opisthokont pheromone plasmogamy sac fungus septum (plural, septa) soredia yeast zoospore zygomycete zygosporangium ul Chapter 32 Objectives      What Is an Animal?   1  List the five characteristics that combine to define animals. 2  Describe the role of  Hox  genes in animal development. The Origins of Animal Diversity   3  Describe the evidence that suggests animals may have first evolved about a billion  years ago. 4  Explain the significance of the Cambrian explosion. Describe three hypotheses for  the cause of the Cambrian explosion. 5  Outline the major grades of the animal kingdom based on symmetry, embryonic germ 
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This note was uploaded on 05/25/2011 for the course BIOLOGY 1011 taught by Professor Thornton/webster during the Spring '11 term at Florida A&M.

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BSC11_StdyGde_III - Chapter31Objectives 1 kingdoms 2 3 4...

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