Con Law I - Stern - Fall 2008[1]

Con Law I - Stern - Fall 2008[1] - The Nature and Scope of...

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The Nature and Scope of Judicial Review .................................................. 2 Origins .............................................................................................................................................. 2 Federalist No. 10 ..................................................................................................................... 2 Judicial Review - Marbury v Madison .................................................................................... 2 Theories of Constitutional Interpretation .......................................................................................... 2 Carolene Products footnote 4 .................................................................................................. 3 Judicial review of State Legislation - Martin v Hunter’s Lessee ............................................ 3 Case and Controversy Requirements – Justiciability ...................................................................... 3 Political Question Doctrine ..................................................................................................... 3 Advisory Opinions – Not Justiciable ...................................................................................... 5 Ripeness ................................................................................................................................ 5 Mootness ................................................................................................................................. 5 Personal Standing .................................................................................................................... 6 Third Party Standing ............................................................................................................... 7 Congressional Power Under the Commerce Clause and Related Sources of Regulation ................ 8 The Necessary and Proper Clause .................................................................................................... 8 McCulloch v Maryland ........................................................................................................... 8 Theories of Federalism ............................................................................................................ 9 The Commerce Clause ...................................................................................................................... 9 General idea ............................................................................................................................. 9 Restricting the Commerce Clause Power .............................................................................. 10 Expansion of Commerce Clause power ................................................................................ 11 Modern Limits on Commerce Clause Regulation ................................................................. 12 External Limits on the Commerce Clause ............................................................................. 13 Executive (presidential) Power, other sources of national power, the separation of powers ......... 14 Presidential Power .......................................................................................................................... 14 Separation of Powers ...................................................................................................................... 16 Restrictions on Congress ....................................................................................................... 16 Restrictions on the President ................................................................................................. 17 State Power to Regulate: Dormant Commerce Clause, Preemption, and Interstate Privileges and Immunities Clause .................................................................................... 18 Dormant Commerce Clause ............................................................................................................ 18 Preemption ...................................................................................................................................... 21 Market Participation Doctrine ........................................................................................................ 21 Article IV – Privileges and Immunities Clause .............................................................................. 22 Substantive Protection of Economic Interests from State Regulation: The Due Process Clause and the Contracts Clause ................................................................................. 22 Interpretivism (originalists) v Non-interpretivism .......................................................................... 22 14th Amendment Privileges and Immunities Clause ...................................................................... 22 The Due Process Clause (Substantive Due Process) ...................................................................... 23 The Lochner Era .................................................................................................................... 23 Modern Substantive Due Process .......................................................................................... 23 Contracts Clause ............................................................................................................................. 24 The Right of Privacy (or Personhood) ...................................................... 25 Abortion ................................................................................................................................ 26 Family and Lifestyle interests ............................................................................................... 27 Right of Sexual Activity ........................................................................................................ 27 Other 14th amendment Rights .................................................................. 29 14th amendment Privliges and Immunities Clause ........................................................................ 29 Procedural Due Process .................................................................................................................. 29 Overview ............................................................................................................................... 29 Interest in your “good name” ................................................................................................ 30
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Property Interests ................................................................................................................... 30 What does the Government have to do before it takes away your property interest? ........... 30 The Nature and Scope of Judicial Review Origins Federalist No. 10 ·Written by James Madison ·Advocated the creation of a large representative government to avoid factions ·The constitution sets up mechanisms to ensure that the government will not cave to the pressures of special interest factions and oppress the people o Separation of Powers o Representative government – elect people that will look to the national good o Federalism Judicial Review - Marbury v Madison ·Created judicial review ·Judicial review ensures that the mechanisms set up by the constitution are being followed ·Facts o Marbury suing to force Jefferson, via a writ of mandamus, to deliver completed commissions of Federalist judges, including himself and Marshall. ·Holding o The court held that it did not have jurisdiction because the Judiciary Act (statute that authorized jurisdiction) was unconstitutional. Art III sec. 2 cl. 2 specifically states that the Supreme Court is to have original jurisdiction over certain limited things, and that all others it is to have appellate jurisdiction. This case was brought to the court under original jurisdiction and it does not fit
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