East Asian World 16 blackboard

East Asian World 16 blackboard - The East Asian World The...

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Unformatted text preview: The East Asian World The 16 China: 1369-1911= 14th century to 20th century China: Japan: 1549- 1900= 16th century to 20th century Korea: 1500- 1900= 16th century to 20th century Terms: Ming, Qing, Manchu, Jesuits, Daimyo, Han China at Its Apex China at Its Apex Ming to Qing Dynasties: 1369­1911 Ming (Bright) 1369­ 1644 Peasants overthrew the Mongol Empire and started the Ming First Contacts with the West Portuguese, Spanish, Dutch, English – – Christian missionaries Jesuits drew parallels between Christian and Confucian concepts. English and Dutch disrupted silver trade Crop yields declined – starvation, which prompted a peasant rebellion Manchus conquered China, created Qing (Ch’ing,or Pure) dynasty The Greatness of the Qing The Greatness of the Qing Qing Dynasty 1644­ 1911 Forced Chinese to adopt Manchu dress and hairstyles to spot rebels – Males to shave foreheads and braid hair into a queue or execution Manchus also adopted Chinese political system The Reign of Kangxi (K’ang Zsi) ruled for 6 decades: 1661­1722 – – – Considered greatest ruler of China Patron of the arts and letters Dominicans, Franciscans, and Jesuits’ activities tolerated and reached heights but squabbling led to suppression The Qing The Qing China on the Eve of Western Onslaught Stressed devotion to principles of Confucianism The Jesuits infiltrated the courts and which caused a unwelcomed backlash Population explosion that grew over 200 million within the two dynasties The ideal family unit was joint family, which had 3­4 generation in the home. – Females were viewed as undesirable: physical strength and dowry Europeans begin creating trading posts in Canton – Most noted were Chinese silk and porcelain pieces. China soon forced trade restrictions on Britain The Qing Empire in the 18th C The Qing Empire in the 18 Japan Japan Japan was unified in the mid 16th century Unification of Japan simultaneous with coming of Europeans Portuguese arrive in 1543, begin regional trade The Jesuit missionary arrived 1549 Japanese liked tobacco, clocks, spectacles, weapons and armaments Missionaries converted some Japanese but destroyed local idols and shrines, turned temples into Christian schools or churches European intervened in local politics – As a result of the latter two, Europeans were expelled All foreign factories except one owned by Dutch were closed The Tokugawa “Great Peace” The Tokugawa “Great Peace” After the expulsion of the Europeans, Japan enjoyed a period of “great peace”. Ruled through a coalition of daimyo and a council of elders State divided into territories, han The Japanese nuclear family unit was similar to the Chinese minus the joint family concept Four main social classes in Japan – Warriors, artisans, peasants, and merchants Korea: The Hermit Kingdom Korea: The Hermit Kingdom Korea Yi dynasty was formed in the 17th century Patterned its society after the Chinese Koreans spoken language was Hang Attempts to keep Korea isolated – Relatively untouched by Europeans – Japanese invasion but pushed out – Manchu invasion ...
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