(2) Civilization among the savages

(2) Civilization among the savages - Civilization among the...

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Unformatted text preview: Civilization among the savages Lecture outline • • • • Creating an “other” Irish prelude Indian “savagery” as ethnicity Indian “savagery” as race Creating an “other” • • • • Colonialism Justification Civilization vs. savagery cultural differences Differences = inferiority • • • • • Religion Clothing Sexual practices Technology Economy Irish prelude • • • • • England Scotland Wales Ireland Context Creating Indian savagery • • • • • Before colonization Traveler’s accounts Fictional literature Touring exhibitions Engravings Creating Indian savagery • Pre-Columbian complexity – Economies – Languages – Material culture • Virginia vs. New England • Race vs. ethnicity Virginia • • • • • Powhatan Confederacy Race or ethnicity? Colony’s origins Early struggles Powhatan view Masculine differences Virginia • • • • • Tobacco “Great Migration” Powhatan resistance, 1622 Total war, 1620s Genocide New England • • • • • How different? Religious reformers “Puritans” “city upon a hill” Missionaries? European missions • • • • • New Spain Papal view Franciscans Sexuality Berdache Two-Spirit New England • • • • • • Race or ethnicity? Economic competition Other fears “errand in the wilderness” Sexuality and the body Thomas Morton – Merrymount Morton’s maypole Constructing race • • • • • Physical differences “tawny” complexion Indian as Devil Justification of conquest Pequot War, 1637 – Mystic Massacre The Mystic Massacre Constructing race • • • • • Indian acceptance French and Indian War, 1756-1763 Neolin Pan-Indian movement Pontiac’s War, 1763 Race wars, continued Tecumseh’s travels The vision, 1805 Resist Americans Creek alliance War of 1812 ...
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This note was uploaded on 05/25/2011 for the course AMH AMH 2097 taught by Professor Christophergriffen during the Spring '09 term at FSU.

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(2) Civilization among the savages - Civilization among the...

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