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(7) Chinese Immigration

(7) Chinese Immigration - • The “Chinese Laundryman”...

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Strangers from a Different Shore Manifest Destiny and the Chinese in America
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Lecture outline Race and Manifest Destiny Push and Pull Factors Worsening opportunities Gender and Chinese immigration Exclusion
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Race and Manifest Destiny Annexation of Texas Mexican War, 1846 Thomas Hart Benton “The Destiny of the Race,” 1846 Mexican Cession, 1848
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California “Indian” population Spanish missions and presidios, 1700s Mexican independence, 1810 U.S. settlement, 1830s- Prejudices
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The Middle Kingdom Qing dynasty (Manchuria), 1644- Manchu vs. Han Chinese Confucianism European trade Porcelain Silk Tea British Opium The Manchu queue
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Internal decay First Opium War, 1839-1842 Technology gap Crushing taxes Peasant rebellions
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“Gold Mountain” The California allure Who immigrated? “Coolies” “Celestials” “Chinamen”
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Labor opportunities Change over time Gold, 1850s-1860s Central Pacific RR, 1860s Manufacturing agriculture
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Unformatted text preview: • The “Chinese Laundryman” Gender and Chinese immigration • 1852: 7 women; 11,787 men • 1900: 5% women • Gender and Confucianism • “Footbinding” Forced migration • Sex trade • Brothels and “cribs” • Debt peonage • Chinese-American families Race and political exclusion • Race or ethnicity? • “Yellow” • 1790 Naturalization Act • Chinese citizenship • 1870s and 1880s: a volatile context • Chinese as scapegoats Labor friction: West Labor tension: East Exclusion • >1% of population • 1880 CA miscegenation law • 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act • Renewed, 1892, 1902 • Repealed 1943 • Immigration Act of 1965 Resistance • Chinatowns • Mutual aid organizations- “fongs” • Secret societies- “tongs” • Agricultural collectives Chinese in America • Small group, big impact • Citizenship delayed • Exclusion a precedent • Late 20 th-century immigration...
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(7) Chinese Immigration - • The “Chinese Laundryman”...

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