(9) Reservations, Allotment, and the New Deal

(9) Reservations, Allotment, and the New Deal - Allotment...

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Reservations, Allotment, and the New Deal Fallout from the Indian Wars of the West
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Lecture Outline The Ghost Dance and Wounded Knee The Reservation System Allotment and Assimilation The Indians’ New Deal
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Ghost Dance Wovoka, Paiute Indian (Utah) Ghost Dance Indian Reservations U.S Indian Bureau reacts Wovoka and a Ghost Shirt
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Sioux Armed resistance ended, 1877 Ghost Dance, 1880s Sitting Bull Big Foot Wounded Knee Creek, 1890 Sitting Bull
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Wounded Knee, 1890
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Reservation System Background Post Civil War migration Homestead Act, 1862 Transcontinental railroads Indian resistance and accommodation Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) Francis Amasa Walker
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Walker’s vision Containment on reservations Break “roving spirit” Work-time discipline Industrial education Prepare for civilization
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Unformatted text preview: Allotment and Assimilation Opposition to Indian segregation Helen Hunt Jackson, A Century of Dishonor (1881) Break backward tribal system General Allotment (Dawes) Act, 1887 160 acre tracts Excess land Land rushes ensue Allotment and Assimilation Farming realities 1902 Allotment Act Heirs of allotment land Sell at public auction 1887: 138 million acres 1933: 55.2 million acres Landlessness and pauperization Indians New Deal Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt John Collier, BIA commissioner Cultural pluralism Indian reaction to Collier Indian Reorganization Act, 1934 Re-established reservation system 1934-1954: regained 2 million acres Self-government Collier...
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(9) Reservations, Allotment, and the New Deal - Allotment...

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