Upload-P431-Chapter 15 - Chapter 15: The temporal lobe...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 15: The temporal lobe Chapter I. II. III. IV. Anatomy Theories of functions Symptoms of temporal lobe lesions Clinical neuropsychological assessment I. Anatomy I. Superior temporal gyrus: Superior Brodmann’s areas 41, 42, and 22. Brodmann’s Inferotemporal cortex: Inferotemporal Brodmann’s areas 20, 21, 37, and 38. Brodmann’s Medial temporal regions including hippocampus. Temporal subcortical region including amygdala. II. Theories of function II. A. Auditory perception Superior temporal gyrus: Superior Brodmann’s areas 41, 42, and 22. Brodmann’s Left side: speech. Right side: music. B. Visual object perception inferotemporal cortex: inferotemporal Brodmann’s areas 20, 21, 37, and 38. Brodmann’s C. Memory. C. Medial temporal region including hippocampus. Medial Left side: verbal memory. Left Right side: nonverbal memory. Right D. Affect and personality. Temporal subcortical region including amygdala. Temporal III. Symptoms of temporal lobe lesions III. A. Damage to Brodmann’s areas 41, 42, 22. Impairment of auditory perception Left side: impairment of speech perception. Right side: impairment of pitch perception. B. Damage to inferotemporal cortex Impairment of visual perception. C. Damage to medial temporal region. C. Memory impairment Left side: Left impairment of verbal memory. impairment Right side: Right impairment of nonverbal memory. impairment IV. Clinical neuropsychological assessment. IV. A. Dichotic words and melodies: auditory A. processing capacity. processing B. Mooney Closure test: visual processing B. capacity. capacity. C. Wechsler memory scale: verbal memory. D. Rey complex figure test: nonverbal memory. ...
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