102 French Revolution - UnderstandingtheFrench Revolution...

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    Understanding the French  Revolution 1789-1799 Outline of Key Events
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    Background and Causes By 1780s, France characterized by Absolutism of façade (i.e., in name only) Vast, confusing bureaucracy (as kings needed  System which isolated king from most of the  country; he could change top officials but had little  impact on the whole system Louis XVI was an indecisive monarch who was out  of touch with the real state of the country
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    Background and Causes Social and Legal system based on  privilege, not equality or economic  status: First Estate: bishops and priests:  about 100,000 people; owned 10% of land; Second Estate: Nobles: About 400,000 people; owned 25% of land; Third Estate: Everyone else: 95% of nation.
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    Causes:  First Estate Parish Priests resent Bishops, who Are wealthy nobles Siphon off much of parish income parishioners to tax Church and its clergy
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    Causes: Second Estate Nobles resent  Royal absolutism which deprives them of  political power Royal attempts to tax them Nobles want  Share in political power in return for  conceding some privileges
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    Background and Causes Third Estate, especially wealthy middle  classes or  bourgeoisie , resented  privileges of nobility and clergy; Peasants, 85% of population, resented  privileges of wealthy landowners (to  labor services, to require them to use  ovens or presses) All in Third Estate resented tax burden,  not shared by First and Second Estates
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This note was uploaded on 05/25/2011 for the course HST 102 taught by Professor Chapman during the Spring '08 term at Grand Valley State University.

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102 French Revolution - UnderstandingtheFrench Revolution...

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