bb attraction (1) - Socio-cultural theories: Cultural norms...

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Socio-cultural theories: Cultural norms and experiences influence perceptions of attractiveness. Stereotypes create their own reality. Expectancy: self fulfilling prophesy. (desirable qualities in response to others expectations). High self esteem model: may “feel” more physically attractive. Entertainment/ media: overrepresentation of Att people (surrounded by ugly “characters”). Stereotype Expectation Internalization
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Socio-cultural model : Social norms, adverts. If true… People should agree w/in culture about attractiveness, but different cultures will have dif standards of beauty. Age should influence Evolutionary Psychology: Beauty should signal…. Indicators of fitness: Traits considered beautiful are markers for evolutionarily beneficial qualities. Environmental signals can influence desire, courtship and mating behavior. But many are not the result of learning. If true… Beauty should be consistent across cultures. Standards should be evident even in the young. Parents should invest more in high quality (att) offspring. Uses comparative/ animal models. .
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Key stimuli a biological stimulus either environmental or a result of another’s behavior (e.g., red monkey butt) Supernormal stimuli release behavior more effectively than the normal stimulus. Any human examples? Social releaser serves a communicative function between individuals. Do we have “mating dance”? Attraction can release “innate responses” Crash course on Ethology:
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Ornaments are amplified in attempts to beautify. Which? sex differences , esp. ones appearing after puberty , become engorged with blood during arousal , are valued cross culturally embellished with makeup and displayed during courtship. Some traits vary across culture (particular hue of skin or facial features preferred) but not fundamentally (clear unwrinkled skin, symmetry). Sexual Ornamentation and Exaggeration
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Perception: even at 3 months, gaze longer at attractive faces (male and female, different races, ages). Recognition: Parents respond more affectionately to att. babies. Mothers spent more time holding close, staring and vocalizing. Mothers of ugly babies tend to needs, but are less affectionate. A disproportionate number of abused babies are rated as unattractive How is this adaptive evolutionarily? Is attractiveness recognized at a young age? Innateness of
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This note was uploaded on 05/25/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 315 taught by Professor Unknown during the Fall '10 term at Grand Valley State University.

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bb attraction (1) - Socio-cultural theories: Cultural norms...

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