bb coersion - Sexual Coercion RAPE: intercourse w/ a...

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Sexual Coercion RAPE : intercourse w/ a nonconsenting person by force or threat. (technically: penetration of vagina, anus, or mouth by force or threat) Legal definitions vary; (e.g., sometimes not oral and sometimes vaginal or anal penetration by finger or object is considered rape). Sexual assault : broader term including any sexual act performed by force or threat. Some consider more an act of violence (connected w/ domination and power) than sex and part of a broader subjugation of women.
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National college survey, 15% report having been raped. 14- 25% of all women are raped at some point CDC study: 1/3 women and 1/33 men victims of attempted or completed R at some time. Women b/t 16-24 are 2-3x more likely. 22% before the age of 12. Blacks were almost 2X as likely. Less common b/t 1993-99; 44% drop in R and attempted (general decline in person crimes; economy?). Beware report bias in statistics: Underestimates. Incidence
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Types of rape based on relationship : Statutory : w/out force but below the age of consent, or mental incapacity even if they cooperate. Stranger : usually vulnerable (deserted street, intoxicated live alone, older, handicapped). A minority of rapes despite stereotype. Acquaintance : Women are more likely to be raped by men whom they know. Less likely to be reported (not perceived as R?) and police may not treat as a R. Many rationalized using rape myths. Date rape : only 10-20% reported. Committed by men known for a year on avg. Few used threats of violence. 28% of college women: at least one experience since age 14 meeting legal def of R or attempted R.
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Fisher’s college rape (broadly defined) study. In a single year, 1.7% had experienced a completed rape and 1.1% attempted. 8% college men admitted engaged in/ attempted R . Koss 1987 Most occurred after 6:00 in residences, most likely hers. Most knew the perp, usually classmate, friend, ex, acquant. About half of victims did not consider them to be rapes. (“it was just oral”, “threatened rather than actual force”). More likely: when both have been drinking and have come back to guy’s place. (2/3s of men had been drinking). Sexual motivation may be more prevalent in Date/ Acquiant. Than in other types (Baumeister et al., 2002) D.R.ists tend to focus on their own feelings of frustration.
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Gang/war rape : (e.g., Darfur in Sudan) More likely violent w power motivations. Gidycz and Koss, 1990 . Marital or cohabitational : No precise stats b/c it goes unreported (one in seven?; Gibbs, 1991 ). Used to dominate or degrade. Pattern of battering and intimidation. Often more violent than necessary (e.g., after breakup or to intimidate) (Felson and Krohn, 1990). Jealousy, anger, revenge. Male rape of men:
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bb coersion - Sexual Coercion RAPE: intercourse w/ a...

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