ch_04b-1 - MIDDLE AMERICA II (CHAPTER 4: MEXICO MEXICO...

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MIDDLE AMERICA II (CHAPTER 4: MEXICO MEXICO Population distribution (map) Natural resources (map) Location of maquiladoras (map) GDP per capita along the US-Mexican border (map) MAQUILADORAS o Initiated in the 1960s as coupon houses o Assembly plants that pioneered the migration of industries in the 1970s o Today 0. 0. >4,000 maquiladoras 1. 1. >1.2 million employees MAQUILADORAS o Modern industrial plants o Assemble imported, duty-free components/raw materials o Export the finished products o Mostly foreign-owned (U.S., Japan) o 80% of goods reexported to U.S. o Tariffs limited to value added during assembly Maquiladora products Electronic equipment Electric appliances Auto parts Clothing Furniture
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MAQUILADORAS o ADVANTAGES Mexico gains jobs. Foreign owners benefit from cheaper labor costs. o EFFECTS 0. Regional development 1. Development of an international growth corridor between Monterrey and Dallas - Fort Worth NAFTA o Effective 1 January 1994
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This note was uploaded on 05/25/2011 for the course GEO 210 taught by Professor Hensmirth during the Spring '10 term at Grand Valley State University.

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ch_04b-1 - MIDDLE AMERICA II (CHAPTER 4: MEXICO MEXICO...

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