ART FINAL NOTES - ART FINAL NOTES The Modern World...

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ART FINAL NOTES The Modern World: Romanticism and Realism - Big Paris influence -Changes from medieval city to modern city that allows for easier transportation, etc. - Charles Baudelaire (1821-1867) “Romanticism is neither precisely situated in choice of subject nor in exact truth, but in a way of feeling “ -1780’s-1840’s 1. Focus on irrational, spiritual, mystical 2. Emotions, feelings, senses 3. Horror 4. Dreams, unconciousness 5. States of insanity 6. The exotic: Islamic N. Africa and far east (ex: The Pelt Merchant ) 7. Nature -Eugene Delacroix (1798-1863) French The Women of Algier s, 1834 (Harem) Liberty Leading the People , 1830—war is senseless -Goya (1746-1828) Spanish Executions on the Third of May , 1808, 1814
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- Napoleon’s troops fire on unarmed civilians - Horrors of war, mercilessness - Faceless troops (not worthy of knowing who they are) - Crucifixion- white (innocence) no logic, honor -Thomas Cole (1801-1848) American The Oxbow , 1836- can see tamed land: what shall we do? Tame it or let it be? Crawford Notch 1839
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-Changing aesthetics (Raphael’s Madonna of the Meadows to Entombment of Christ to The Women of Algiers to today cropped, sometimes simplified, subject, snapshots…) Because of photography- Dagurre, Talbot- compositions with no rules REALISM 1840’s-1870’s - Gustave Courbet (1819-1877) French The Artist’s Studio, 1855- what matters is the everyday, woman=naked truth The Stone Breakers , 1849 shows meaning of realism Annual Salon Exhibition and Salon Art - reaction against it, against popular art of the masses featuring mythology, history, children, still life, portraiture… - Edouward Manet (1832-1883) French Luncheon on the Grass , 1863- blunt, bleak reality (prostitutes instead of Venus - Uses The Judgment of Paris (Raphael), Titian, Bouguereau - Salon des refuses- rejected exhibition art
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Realism in America - Thomas Eakins (1844-1916) The Biglin Brothers Racing, 1873 Father of modern realism in America, loved sciences, technology, went to Paris Photography as aid for work, documenting Recreational paintings- what was happening around him Friends with Muybridge IMPRESSIONISM 1870’s-1880’s - Originated in Paris 1860, 1 st impressionist exhibition in 1874 - Monet (1840-1926) French Impressionism: Sunrise , 1872- capture moment in time (Haystacks- changes in atmosphere, light) believed contemporary life should be subject to art, industrial revolution made experimentation with new colors possible
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A Bridge Over a Pool of Water Lillies , 1899- inspired by aesthetic of Japanese woodblock prints, photography Plein air painting- outdoors (paints in tubes now, yay) - Renoir (1841-1919) French Le Moulin de la Galette , 1876- leisure life effects- dappled light Luncheon of the Boating Party 1881 - Degas (1834-1917) French
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Women at Café, Evening 1877- fascinated by social classes, leisure- “terrifying realism” other side of life…prostitutes
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